History of the Codex Gigas
It is unclear exactly how the medieval manuscript came about. But we know that it was written in the Kingdom of Bohemia – now the western part of Czechia – sometime between 1204 and 1230.
A pawned monastic treasure
Thanks to a note on the first page, we know that Podlažice Monastery was the first known owner of the Codex Gigas. However, it is unlikely that the manuscript was produced there. The monastery was far too small and impoverished to undertake such a project.
The note says that in 1295 the monks of Podlažice pledged the Codex Gigas to a monastery located in Sedlec, in what is now Czechia. The note also says that the manuscript was repurchased in the same year for the Benedictine Order of Břevno Monastery. The Codex Gigas was seen as one of the wonders of the world at that time.
A collector’s item fit for an emperor
The manuscript became a sought-after collector's item over time. In 1594, Emperor Rudolf II "borrowed" the Codex Gigas and took it to his castle. He presumably had no intention of returning it. Rudolf II collected everything from living and dead animals to paintings, sculptures and curiosities. The Devil's portrait piqued his interest in occultism.
The manuscript remained in Prague until the Swedish army took it as war booty during the Thirty Years' War. It was then brought to Stockholm along with many other precious items. The Codex Gigas ended up in Queen Christina’s collections and was placed in the library at Stockholm Palace.
On New Year's Day 1878, the manuscript was transferred to the newly-built National Library in Stockholm, where it has been kept to this day.
With the Devil’s help?
A legend concerning the origin of the Codex Gigas relates that a lone scribe wrote the entire work over the course of a single night. When the scribe realised that the task was beyond his powers, he asked the Devil for help. The legend has absolutely no basis in reality. However, it does testify to the fact that the size of the Devil's Bible made such an impression that people accounted for its origins with reference to the supernatural.
It is unclear exactly when and how the medieval manuscript came about. It was written in the Kingdom of Bohemia – now the western part of Czechia.